A review of bovine tuberculosis at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in sub-Saharan Africa

De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, Caron Alexandre, Kock Richard, Tschopp R., Munyeme Musso, Hofmeyr Markus, Michel A.. 2013. A review of bovine tuberculosis at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in sub-Saharan Africa. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 (7) : pp. 1342-1356.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Infection of wild animals by bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is raising concern worldwide. This article reviews the current epidemiological situation, risk of emergence and control options at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in sub-Saharan Africa. In livestock, bTB has been confirmed in the majority of countries from all parts of the continent. Wildlife infection is confirmed in seven countries from southern and eastern Africa, apparently spreading in the southern Africa region. Mycobacterium bovis has been isolated from 17 wild mammal species, although only four are suspected to play a role as maintenance host. Zoonotic risks are a concern, but no direct spillover from wildlife to humans has been documented, and no case of bTB spillback from wildlife to livestock has been confirmed. In this paper we assess the main risk factors of bTB spillover at the wildlife-livestock-human interface and suggest several research themes which could improve the control of the disease in the African context. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Tuberculose, Animal sauvage, Animal domestique, Genre humain, Épidémiologie, Gestion du risque, Contrôle de maladies, Facteur de risque

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique au sud du Sahara

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0002-5438-1473
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Kock Richard, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Tschopp R., ITS (CHE)
  • Munyeme Musso, University of Zambia (ZMB)
  • Hofmeyr Markus, Kruger National Park (ZAF)
  • Michel A., University of Pretoria (ZAF)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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