Impact of rubber tree plantations on soil functional biodiversity and soil organic carbon

Brauman Alain, Gay Frédéric, Monrawee Monrawee, Lafaye De Micheaux Marin, Chevalier Tiphaine, Chompunut Chayawat, Robain Henri, Chutinan Choosai, Sebag David, Suvannang Nopmanee. 2014. Impact of rubber tree plantations on soil functional biodiversity and soil organic carbon. In : Abstracts of the 3rd World Congress of Agroforestry 'Trees for life: accelerating the impact of agroforestry' : abstracts. Wachira Mary Anne (ed.), Rabar Betty (ed.), Magaju Christine (ed.), Borah Gulshan (ed.). Nairobi : WCA [Nairobi], Résumé, p. 82. ISBN 92-9059-372-5 World Congress on Agroforestry, Delhi, Inde, 10 February 2014/14 February 2014.

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Abstract : The Mekong sub-region faces an exceptional expansion of rubber tree plantations, which represent a potential problem in terms of soil sustainability. However, in comparison with intensive annual cropping, rubber tree plantation could also have a positive impact on soil functioning but data concerning its influence on soil environment remains scarce. To address this question, we investigated the impact of rubber tree plantations on soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil biological diversity (soil fauna and microorganisms) related to main soil functions such as OM mineralization and nutrient cycling. All the biologic and physical-chemical parameters were measured from the same sampling set along a rubber tree chronosequence in the eastern province of Thailand, and compared to the former crop cultivated (cassava). Compared to cassava field, most of the variables measured (SOC, soil respiration, microbial activities and density, fauna density and diversity) showed significantly higher level only in the old rubber plantations (23-25 years). However, the shift from cassava to young rubber plantations (< 7 years old) resulted first in a depletion of all these parameters. The soil ecosystem started to recover from the land use change after the closing of the canopy of the plantation. At this stage, aboveground and belowground litter started to accumulate significantly in the system. Interestingly, soil fauna structure varied according to plantation age, while bacterial structure depended more on land use change (cassava vs. rubber). These increasing biological activities seemed to participate to a significant change in OM quality (Rock Eval results). These results suggest that planting rubber trees could be a better alternative than cassava crops in terms of soil sustainability. This first study needs to be generalized through an extension towards other crop systems and soil types. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K10 - Forestry production
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brauman Alain, IRD (FRA)
  • Gay Frédéric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7624-8489
  • Monrawee Monrawee, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Thaïlande) (THA)
  • Lafaye De Micheaux Marin, IRD (FRA)
  • Chevalier Tiphaine, IRD (FRA)
  • Chompunut Chayawat, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Robain Henri, IRD (THA)
  • Chutinan Choosai, Khon Kaen University (THA)
  • Sebag David, IRD (CMR)
  • Suvannang Nopmanee, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Thaïlande) (THA)

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