Co-designing innovative cropping systems that match biophysical and socio-economic diversity: the DATE approach to conservation agriculture in Madagascar, Lao PDR and Cambodia

Husson Olivier, Tran Quoc Hoa, Boulakia Stéphane, Chabanne André, Tivet Florent, Bouzinac Serge, Lienhard Pascal, Michellon Roger, Chabierski Stéphane, Boyer Johnny, Enjalric Frank, Rakotondramanana, Moussa Narcisse, Jullien Frédéric, Balarabe Oumarou, Rattanatray Bounmy, Castella Jean-Christophe, Charpentier Hubert, Séguy Lucien. 2016. Co-designing innovative cropping systems that match biophysical and socio-economic diversity: the DATE approach to conservation agriculture in Madagascar, Lao PDR and Cambodia. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 31 (5) : pp. 452-470.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Rapid changes in agricultural systems call for profound changes in agricultural research and extension practices. The Diagnosis, Design, Assessment, Training and Extension (DATE) approach was developed and applied to co-design Conservation Agriculture-based cropping systems in contrasted situations. DATE is a multi-scale, multi-stakeholder participatory approach that integrates scientific and local knowledge. It emerged in response to questions raised by and issues encountered in the design of innovative systems. A key feature of this approach is the high input of innovative systems which are often although not exclusively based on conservation agricultural practices. Prototyping of innovative cropping systems (ICSs) largely relies on a conceptual model of soil–plant–macrofauna–microorganism system functioning. By comparing the implementation of the DATE approach and conservation agriculture-based cropping systems in Madagascar, Lao PDR, and Cambodia, we show that: (i) the DATE approach is flexible enough to be adapted to local conditions; (ii) market conditions need to be taken into account in designing agricultural development scenarios; and (iii) the learning process during the transition to conservation agriculture requires time. The DATE approach not only enables the co-design of ICSs with farmers, but also incorporates training and extension dimensions. It feeds back practitioners' questions to researchers, and provides a renewed and extended source of innovation to farmers. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Innovation, Système de culture, approches participatives, Semis direct, Pratique culturale, agroécologie, Environnement socioéconomique, Exploitation agricole familiale, Petite agriculture, Élevage, Évaluation, Adoption de l'innovation, Changement technologique, Conception, Zone tropicale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar, République démocratique populaire lao, Cambodge

Mots-clés complémentaires : Agriculture de conservation

Mots-clés géographiques complémentaires : Lac Alaotra

Mots-clés libres : Co-design, Innovation, Step-by-step design, Learning process, Participatory approach, Tropical conditions, Direct seeding, Mulch-based cropping systems (DMC)

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
F07 - Soil cultivation
E14 - Development economics and policies
U30 - Research methods
L01 - Animal husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Husson Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (BEN) ORCID: 0000-0001-9587-5819
  • Tran Quoc Hoa, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (GLP)
  • Boulakia Stéphane, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4331-1207
  • Chabanne André, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (REU)
  • Bouzinac Serge, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA)
  • Lienhard Pascal, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (LAO)
  • Michellon Roger, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA)
  • Chabierski Stéphane
  • Enjalric Frank, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (LAO)
  • Rakotondramanana, GSDM (MDG)
  • Moussa Narcisse, GSDM (MDG)
  • Jullien Frédéric, CREA (NCL)
  • Balarabe Oumarou, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA)
  • Rattanatray Bounmy, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Laos) (LAO)
  • Castella Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (LAO) ORCID: 0000-0003-3532-0728
  • Charpentier Hubert, La Boisfarderie (FRA)
  • Séguy Lucien, Agroecoriz (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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