Interactions between soil microorganisms and the invasive species Acacia mearnsii De Wild. in the north-eastern Algeria

Boudiaf Imene, Le Roux Christine, Beddiar Arifa, Prin Yves, Duponnois Robin. 2014. Interactions between soil microorganisms and the invasive species Acacia mearnsii De Wild. in the north-eastern Algeria. In : Environmental weeds and invasive plants. Fried Guillaume (ed.), BON M.-C. (ed.), Brundu G. (ed.), Chauvel B. (ed.), Cheptou P.-O. (ed.), Hatcher P.E. (ed.), Haury J. (ed.), Jourdan M. (ed.), Kazakou E. (ed.), Le Bourgeois Thomas (ed.), Mandon-Dalger I. (ed.), Marchante H. (ed.), et al.. EWRS, Anses, Montpellier SupAgro, MAAF-DGAI, USDA ARS-EBCL, CSIRO, CIRAD, FCBN. Montpellier : EWRS, Résumé, p. 91. International Symposium on Weeds and Invasive Plants. 4, Montpellier, France, 18 May 2014/23 May 2014.

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Abstract : Soil microorganisms play a key role in the terrestrial ecosystems; they directly affect the development of plants, in a more or less significant way, depending on the plant species. The cork oak, Quercus suber L., is one of the most important tree species in Algeria but cork's overexploitation has led to the degradation of cork oak forests. To restore these degraded areas, reforestations with exotic species such as Acacia mearnsii De Wild. were made in the 70's. It is from this reforestation stands that A. mearnsii started to invade surrounding cork oak trees. We aimed at analyzing the impact of A.mearnsii introduction on composition and functioning of symbiotic microbial communities in the rhizospheric soil of cork oak trees in the El Kala National Park. The analysis of abundance and diversity of symbiotic microflora was carried out by comparing a non-invaded forest soil with a cork oak forest soil totally invaded by A. mearnsii. A. mearnsii seedlings were grown in the greenhouse on pure cork oak forest soil for 6 and 12 months, and then replaced by cork oak seedlings. Our results showed that soil microbial activity was modified according to the duration of acacia growth, but we did not detect any effects of impacted soils on cork oak plant growth. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F40 - Plant ecology
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
K10 - Forestry production
P34 - Soil biology
H60 - Weeds

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