Field investigation of Trypanosoma evansi and comparative analysis of diagnostic tests in horses from Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Tehseen Sonia, Jahan Nusrat, Desquesnes Marc, Shahzad Mirza Imran, Qamar Muahammad Fiaz. 2017. Field investigation of Trypanosoma evansi and comparative analysis of diagnostic tests in horses from Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 41 (2) : pp. 288-293.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.

Télécharger (730kB) | Preview

Quartile : Q3, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : In order to assess the prevalence of Trypanosoma evansi, a parasitological, molecular, and serological-based investigation was carried out in randomly sampled horses (n = 375) belonging to different age groups, sexes, and localities from the district of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. The diagnostic performance of applied tests was also compared. The prevalence was recorded as 0.5% with Woo's test, 1.3% with both ITS CF/BR PCR and RoTat 1.2 PCR, and 14.4% with CATT/T.evansi. Based on CATT/T.evansi, significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) were observed for prevalence estimates according to different localities, sexes, body condition scores, and origins. A nonsignificant difference (P ≥ 0.05) was observed among different age groups and variable parity numbers. Our study declares district Bahawalpur to be a high risk area for surra and proposes the potential use of CATT/T.evansi as a field test of choice for surveys in horses. However, the status of seropositive animals should be confirmed using a more sensitive molecular tool such as the satellite DNA target. A widespread status of anti-Trypanosoma antibodies calls for control measures and further investigation of various species (camels, cattle, sheep, goats, buffaloes) inhabiting the same area to identify reservoir status. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trypanosoma evansi, Cheval, Enquête pathologique, Diagnostic, Test biologique, Analyse du risque, Surveillance épidémiologique, PCR

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Pakistan

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tehseen Sonia, Government College University Lahore (PAK)
  • Jahan Nusrat, Government College University Lahore (PAK)
  • Desquesnes Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR INTERTRYP (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7665-2422
  • Shahzad Mirza Imran, Islamia University Bahawalpur (PAK)
  • Qamar Muahammad Fiaz, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (PAK)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-06-09 ]