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Somatic cell count thresholds in composite and quarter milk samples as indicator of bovine intramammary infection status

Petzer Inge-Marié, Karzis Joanne, Donkin Edward F., Webb Edward C., Etter Eric. 2017. Somatic cell count thresholds in composite and quarter milk samples as indicator of bovine intramammary infection status. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 84 (1), 10 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : The objective of the study was to establish an operational somatic cell count (SCC) threshold to predict the presence of intramammary infection (IMI) in composite milk samples and compare findings with those in quarter milk samples. South African dairy producers now preferred composite milk samples for herd udder health analysis because of increasing cow numbers, convenience of sampling and lower cost. A retrospective study was conducted on 345 461 composite and 89 638 quarter milk samples from South African herds. Variance estimates for the proportion of quarter samples testing positive were adjusted to account for the lack of their independence within individual cows. The IMI at SCC thresholds of 150 000 cells/mL and 200 000 cells/mL differed only by 3.26% in composite milk samples. Youden's index indicated the optimum SCC thresholds for composite and quarter milk samples as 150 000 cells/mL and 200 000 cells/mL, respectively. At 150 000 cells/mL, sensitivity (95% confidence intervals [CI]) in composite milk samples was 65.3% (64.0%, 66.6%) and specificity was 66.8% (65.7%, 67.9%); and in quarter milk samples, sensitivity at 200 000 cells/ mL was 70.8% (69.5%, 72.0%) and specificity was 63.6% (62.4%, 64.8%). The likelihood of infection for udders and quarters, respectively, was 1.034 and 1.327 at an SCC threshold of 150 000 cells/mL and 0.864 cells/mL and 1.177 cells/mL at 200 000 cells/mL. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristics graph was 0.7084 and 0.7277 for composite and quarter samples, respectively, indicating that the SCC test could be considered as a good indicator of IMI in both sample types. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Mammite bovine, Test biologique, Numération cellulaire, Bovin laitier, Surveillance épidémiologique, Enquête pathologique, Vache laitière, Technique analytique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Petzer Inge-Marié, University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Karzis Joanne, University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Donkin Edward F., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Webb Edward C., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Etter Eric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (ZAF)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/586653/)

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