Ants: Major functional elements in fruit agro-ecosystems and biological control agents

Diame Lamine, Rey Jean-Yves, Vayssières Jean-François, Grechi Isabelle, Chailleux Anaïs, Diarra Karamoko. 2018. Ants: Major functional elements in fruit agro-ecosystems and biological control agents. Sustainability, 10 (1):23, 18 p.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Social Sciences) / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Science)

Abstract : Ants are a very diverse taxonomic group. They display remarkable social organization that has enabled them to be ubiquitous throughout the world. They make up approximately 10% of the world's animal biomass. Ants provide ecosystem services in agrosystems by playing a major role in plant pollination, soil bioturbation, bioindication, and the regulation of crop-damaging insects. Over recent decades, there have been numerous studies in ant ecology and the focus on tree cropping systems has given added importance to ant ecology knowledge. The only missing point in this knowledge is the reasons underlying difference between the positive and negative effects of ants in tree cropping systems. This review article provides an overview of knowledge of the roles played by ants in orchards as functional elements, and on the potential of Oecophylla weaver ants as biological control agents. It also shows the potential and relevance of using ants as an agro-ecological diagnosis tool in orchards. Lastly, it demonstrates the potential elements which may determine the divergent negative and positive of their effects on cropping systems.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : agroécologie, Agroécosystème, Lutte biologique, Oecophylla

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie, Afrique, Australie

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
F40 - Plant ecology
H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Diame Lamine, ISRA (SEN) - auteur correspondant
  • Rey Jean-Yves, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Vayssières Jean-François, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Grechi Isabelle, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-3399-6102
  • Chailleux Anaïs, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN)
  • Diarra Karamoko, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (SEN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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