Designing biochar properties through the blending of biomass feedstock with metals: Impact on oxyanions adsorption behavior

Dieguez-Alonso Alba, Anca-Couce Andrés, Fristák Vladimír, Moreno-Jiménez Eduardo, Bacher Markus, Bucheli Thomas D., Cimò Giulia, Conte Pellegrino, Hagemann Nikolas, Haller Andreas, Hilber Isabel, Husson Olivier, Kammann Claudia I., Kienzl Norbert, Leifeld Jens, Rosenau Thomas, Soja Gerhard, Schmidt Hans-Peter. 2019. Designing biochar properties through the blending of biomass feedstock with metals: Impact on oxyanions adsorption behavior. Chemosphere, 214 : pp. 743-753.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Metal-blending of biomass prior to pyrolysis is investigated in this work as a tool to modify biochar physico-chemical properties and its behavior as adsorbent. Six different compounds were used for metal-blending: AlCl3, Cu(OH)2, FeSO4, KCl, MgCl2 and Mg(OH)2. Pyrolysis experiments were performed at 400 and 700 °C and the characterization of biochar properties included: elemental composition, thermal stability, surface area and pore size distribution, Zeta potential, redox potential, chemical structure (with nuclear magnetic resonance) and adsorption behavior of arsenate, phosphate and nitrate. Metalblending strongly affected biochars' surface charge and redox potential. Moreover, it increased biochars' microporosity (per mass of organic carbon). For most biochars, mesoporosity was also increased. The adsorption behavior was enhanced for all metal-blended biochars, although with significant differences across species: Mg(OH)2-blended biochar produced at 400 °C showed the highest phosphate adsorption capacity (Langmuir Qmax approx. 250 mg g−1), while AlCl3-blended biochar produced also at 400 °C showed the highest arsenate adsorption (Langmuir Qmax approx. 14 mg g−1). Significant differences were present, even for the same biochar, with respect to the investigated oxyanions. This indicates that biochar properties need to be optimized for each application, but also that this optimization can be achieved with tools such as metal-blending. These results constitute a significant contribution towards the production of designer biochars.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Biomasse, Métal, Pyrolyse, Charbon, Oxydation

Mots-clés libres : Biochar, Adsorption, Oxydation, Pré traitement au métal, Propriétés physico-chimiques du sol

Classification Agris : P06 - Renewable energy resources
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 7 (2019-) - Hors champs stratégiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dieguez-Alonso Alba, University of Berlin (DEU) - auteur correspondant
  • Anca-Couce Andrés, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (AUT)
  • Fristák Vladimír, Trnava University (SVK)
  • Moreno-Jiménez Eduardo, UAM (ESP)
  • Bacher Markus, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (AUT)
  • Bucheli Thomas D., Agroscope (CHE)
  • Cimò Giulia, Università degli studi di Palermo (ITA)
  • Conte Pellegrino, Università degli studi di Palermo (ITA)
  • Hagemann Nikolas, Agroscope (CHE)
  • Haller Andreas, Hochschule Geisenheim University (DEU)
  • Hilber Isabel, Agroscope (CHE)
  • Husson Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9587-5819
  • Kammann Claudia I., Hochschule Geisenheim University (DEU)
  • Kienzl Norbert, Bioenergy 2000 (AUT)
  • Leifeld Jens, Agroscope (CHE)
  • Rosenau Thomas, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (AUT)
  • Soja Gerhard, AIT [Austriche] (AUT)
  • Schmidt Hans-Peter, Ithaka Institute for Carbon Strategies (CHE)

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