Red deer (Cervus elaphus) did not play the role of maintenance host for bluetongue virus in France: The burden of proof by long-term wildlife monitoring and Culicoides snapshots

Rossi Sophie, Balenghien Thomas, Viarouge Cyril, Faure Eva, Zanella Gina, Sailleau Corinne, Mathieu Bruno, Delecolle Jean Claude, Ninio Camille, Garros Claire, Gardes Laëtitia, Tholoniat Christophe, Ariston Agnès, Gauthier Dominique, Mondoloni Stevan, Barboiron Aurélie, Pellerin Maryline, Gibert Philippe, Novella Corinne, Barbier Stéphane, Guillaumat Etienne, Zientara Stéphan, Vitour Damien, Breard Emmanuel. 2019. Red deer (Cervus elaphus) did not play the role of maintenance host for bluetongue virus in France: The burden of proof by long-term wildlife monitoring and Culicoides snapshots. Viruses, 11 (5):903, 26 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : VIROLOGY

Abstract : Bluetongue virus (BTV) is a Culicoides-borne pathogen infecting both domestic and wild ruminants. In Europe, the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) (RD) is considered a potential BTV reservoir, but persistent sylvatic cycle has not yet been demonstrated. In this paper, we explored the dynamics of BTV1 and BTV8 serotypes in the RD in France, and the potential role of that species in the re-emergence of BTV8 in livestock by 2015 (i.e., 5 years after the former last domestic cases). We performed 8 years of longitudinal monitoring (2008–2015) among 15 RD populations and 3065 individuals. We compared Culicoides communities and feeding habits within domestic and wild animal environments (51,380 samples). Culicoides diversity (>30 species) varied between them, but bridge-species able to feed on both wild and domestic hosts were abundant in both situations. Despite the presence of competent vectors in natural environments, BTV1 and BTV8 strains never spread in RD along the green corridors out of the domestic outbreak range. Decreasing antibody trends with no PCR results two years after the last domestic outbreak suggests that seropositive young RD were not recently infected but carried maternal antibodies. We conclude that RD did not play a role in spreading or maintaining BTV in France

Mots-clés Agrovoc : arboviruses [EN], Cervus elaphus, Fièvre catarrhale du mouton, Vecteur de maladie, Culicoides

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés libres : Arboviruses, Vector-borne disease, Wildlife, Neutralizing antibodies, Europe

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rossi Sophie, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MAR)
  • Viarouge Cyril, ANSES (FRA)
  • Faure Eva, National hunters Federation (FRA)
  • Zanella Gina, ANSES (FRA)
  • Sailleau Corinne, ANSES (FRA)
  • Mathieu Bruno, IPPTS (FRA)
  • Delecolle Jean Claude, Faculté de médecine de Strasbourg (FRA)
  • Ninio Camille, ANSES (FRA)
  • Garros Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4378-5031
  • Gardes Laëtitia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (GLP)
  • Tholoniat Christophe, Regional farmers sanitary support (FRA)
  • Ariston Agnès, Veterinary diagnosis laboratory (FRA)
  • Gauthier Dominique, Veterinary diagnosis laboratory (FRA)
  • Mondoloni Stevan, Regional natural park of Corsica (FRA)
  • Barboiron Aurélie, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Pellerin Maryline, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Gibert Philippe, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Novella Corinne, Veterinary diagnosis laboratory (FRA)
  • Barbier Stéphane, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Guillaumat Etienne, National Domain of Chambord (FRA)
  • Zientara Stéphan, ANSES (FRA)
  • Vitour Damien, ANSES (FRA)
  • Breard Emmanuel, ANSES (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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