Enzyme phenotypes of Meloidogyne spp. associated with bananas in Martinique

Quénéhervé Patrick, De Bock S., Valette Catherine, Chabrier Christian. 2000. Enzyme phenotypes of Meloidogyne spp. associated with bananas in Martinique. In : Annual Meeting of Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America, 32, Auburn, Etats-Unis, 16-20 April 2000. s.l. : s.n., 6 p. Annual Meeting of Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America. 32, Auburn, États-Unis, 16 April 2000/20 April 2000.

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Abstract : Root-knot nematodes (#Meloidogyne# spp.) are more and more frequently found associated with bananas in the Antilla, in place of #Radopholus similis# in the root system, especially on plants issued from micro-propagated plants after fallows. Considering in some cases the high level of these root-knot infestations, it seemed interesting to know what species were involved in order to develop appropriate nematode management methods. Root-knot populations from thirty-one banana plantations in Martinique (ten females per site) were dissected from the roots and characterized by their esterase and malate dehydrogenase patterns. They were obtained with an automated electrophoretic system (Phastsystem®, Pharmacia). Results showed that only 3 phenotypes combinations (EST-MDH) were found, corresponding to : #M. incognita# (I2-N1 in 33.9%), #M.arenaria# type 1 (A2-N1 in 62.9%) and #M. arenaria# type 2 (A2-N3 in 3.2%). Twenty-one fields showed a monospecific infestation and it is interesting to notice that the highest infestation levels occurred with #M. arenaria# (> 100 000 J 2/ 100 g roots), 4 times higher than with #M. incognita# (> 20 000 J2/ 100 g roots) (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa, Meloidogyne, Enzyme, Phénotype, Racine, Estérase, Malate déshydrogénase, Meloidogyne arenaria, Meloidogyne incognita, Lutte antinématode

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Martinique

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Quénéhervé Patrick, IRD (MTQ)
  • De Bock S., IRD (MTQ)
  • Valette Catherine, CIRAD-FLHOR-BPA (MTQ)
  • Chabrier Christian, CIRAD-FLHOR-BPA (MTQ) ORCID: 0000-0001-6502-9822

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