Modernizing the cotton classing [clasification systems] in Mozambique : final report

Fok Michel, Bachelier Bruno, Gadaga Pedro V.. 2004. Modernizing the cotton classing [clasification systems] in Mozambique : final report. Montpellier : CIRAD, 116 p.

Technical and research document
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Abstract : The diagnosis study of the Mozambican cotton sector, conducted in 2001, pointed out that the cotton classing in the country had to be modernized so that it could comply with the requirements of the cotton world market and transaction rules. The present study is implemented to provide the possible visions of the desired modernization. The mission was implemented through an original way. The organization of a seminar enabled to provide a presentation destined to help the cotton sector stakeholders having comparable level of information on a technical issue. The mission allows also to collect samples of cotton lint and to re-class them by modern method. Mozambique is particular in having a centralized system of cotton classing which is conducted as a public service provision. Although this is sometimes questioned in the country, this scheme appears to be adapted to preserve the reputation of the cotton in a country where many private operators are involved. Mozambique is also particular in the application of a scheme of administrative authorization of the exportation contracts. The two specific schemes allow Mozambique to collect a lot of information which is potentially valuable to help monitor the cotton sector but which is far from being exploited. The Mozambican cotton is classed in four IAM classing offices, on bale-to-bale basis, by the manual and visual method, as it is the case in many other African cotton producing countries. There is nevertheless large room for improvement since the classing facilities and equipment are still far from the state of-the-art. Moreover, except during an annual meeting, classers appear to be isolated the ones from the others, with no opportunity along the classing campaign to ensure that there is no classing drift among them. The IAM classing department does not have specific budget and suffers from the lack of financial means to perform properly. It is isolated from equivalent department in other African countries. In spite of having to deal with many data, the provincial classing offices are seldom, if ever, computerized. The lack of means in keeping and processing the classing results contributes also to isolate the classing department from the other stakeholders of the cotton sector. The analysis too briefly summarized above points out that the modernization of the cotton classing system should encompass a) the upgrading of the existing classing facilities, b) the move towards a better compliance with the technical prescriptions in doing cotton classing, and c) a change in the conduct of the cotton classing within a spirit of accountability to the whole cotton sector. All of this should give back the enthusiasm and the pride that classer lost for a long time. The allocation of the computer means is of absolute necessity; it is essential to have finally the classing results be properly processed and shared with the cotton sector stakeholders. This should enable the classing system conquer its legitimate place within the cotton sector. Owing to the current level of the cotton production in Mozambique, the manual and visual classing methods remains valid provided that it is consolidated according to the principles pointed out above. The move towards the inclusion of some instrument-based classing of cotton has just started (micronaire). This move should be accompanied, in particular through the integration into existing classing networks so that the Mozambican classing system will no longer remain isolated. This move should be extended in order to take more criteria into account. An effective way in materializing this extension is to set up again a cotton fiber technology lab in Nampula. This approach will provide more comprehensive information on the level and the stability of the cotton quality in Mozambique; this is a pre-requisite before considering taking advantage of this quality at the exportation stage. Mozambique cannot overlook the trend in classing cotton through automatic device

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coton, Fibre végétale, Fibre textile, Qualité technologique, Propriété technologique, Label de qualité, Contrôle de qualité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mozambique

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products

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