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A universal approach to estimate biomass and carbon stock in tropical forests using generic allometric models

Vieilledent Ghislain, Vaudry Romuald, Andriamanohisoa S.F.D., Rakotonarivo O.S., Randrianasolo Hasimboahirana, Razafindrabe H.N., Bidaud Rakotoarivony C., Ebeling J., Rasamoelina Maminiaina. 2012. A universal approach to estimate biomass and carbon stock in tropical forests using generic allometric models. Ecological Applications, 22 (2) : pp. 572-583.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Allometric equations allow aboveground tree biomass and carbon stock to be estimated from tree size. The allometric scaling theory suggests the existence of a universal power-law relationship between tree biomass and tree diameter with a fixed scaling exponent close to 8/3. In addition, generic empirical models, like Chave's or Brown's models, have been proposed for tropical forests in America and Asia. These generic models have been used to estimate forest biomass and carbon worldwide. However, tree allometry depends on environmental and genetic factors that vary from region to region. Consequently, theoretical models that include too few ecological explicative variables or empirical generic models that have been calibrated at particular sites are unlikely to yield accurate tree biomass estimates at other sites. In this study, we based our analysis on a destructive sample of 481 trees in Madagascar spiny dry and moist forests characterized by a high rate of endemism (>95%). We show that, among the available generic allometric models, Chave's model including diameter, height, and wood specific gravity as explicative variables for a particular forest type (dry, moist, or wet tropical forest) was the only one that gave accurate tree biomass estimates for Madagascar (R2 > 83%, bias < 6%), with estimates comparable to those obtained with regional allometric models. When biomass allometric models are not available for a given forest site, this result shows that a simple height-diameter allometry is needed to accurately estimate biomass and carbon stock from plot inventories. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt tropicale humide, forêt tropicale, Biomasse, Carbone, Stockage, séquestration du carbone, Allométrie, Modèle mathématique, Modèle de simulation, Mesure, Méthodologie, Dimension, Diamètre, Densité du peuplement, Zone tropicale, Forêt, Gaz à effet de serre, réduction des émissions, Télédétection

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Métrologie

Classification Agris : U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vieilledent Ghislain, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (MDG) ORCID: 0000-0002-1685-4997
  • Vaudry Romuald, GoodPlanet Foundation (FRA)
  • Andriamanohisoa S.F.D., ESSA (MDG)
  • Rakotonarivo O.S., ESSA (MDG)
  • Randrianasolo Hasimboahirana, ESSA (MDG)
  • Razafindrabe H.N., ESSA (MDG)
  • Bidaud Rakotoarivony C., IHEID (CHE)
  • Ebeling J., WWF (MDG)
  • Rasamoelina Maminiaina, WWF (MDG)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/564995/)

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