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Conservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm at sub-zero temperature

Sisunandar, Sopade Peter A., Samosir Yohannes M.S., Rival Alain, Adkins Steve W.. 2012. Conservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm at sub-zero temperature. CryoLetters, 33 (6) : pp. 465-475.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q4, Sujet : PHYSIOLOGY

Abstract : Protocols are proposed for the low (-20°C) and ultra-low (-80°C) temperature storage of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) embryos. A tissue dehydration step prior to storage, and a rapid warming step upon recovery optimized the protocol. The thermal properties of water located within the embryos were monitored using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In the most efficient version of the protocol, embryos were dehydrated under a sterile air flow in a dehydration solution containing glucose (3.33 M) and glycerol (15%) for16 hours. This protocol decreased the embryo water content from 77 to 29% FW and at the same time reduced the amount of freezable water down to 0.03%. The dehydrated embryos could be stored for up to 3 weeks at -20°C (12 % producing normal plants upon recovery) or 26 weeks at -80°C (28% producing normal plants upon recovery). These results indicate that it is possible to store coconut germplasm on a medium term basis using an ultra-deep freezer unit. However for more efficient, long term storage, cryopreservation remains the preferred option. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Cocos nucifera, Culture d'embryon, Cryoconservation, Embryon végétal, Conservation du matériel génétique, Germplasm, Froid, Calorimétrie, Séchage, Aptitude à la conservation, Méthodologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Philippines, Australie

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F01 - Crops

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sisunandar, University of Queensland (AUS)
  • Sopade Peter A., University of Queensland (AUS)
  • Samosir Yohannes M.S., University of Queensland (AUS)
  • Rival Alain, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DIADE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6304-3268
  • Adkins Steve W., University of Queensland (AUS)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568296/)

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