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Using neutral cline decay to estimate contemporary dispersal: a generic tool and its application to a major crop pathogen

Rieux Adrien, Lenormand T., Carlier Jean, De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc, Ravigné Virginie. 2013. Using neutral cline decay to estimate contemporary dispersal: a generic tool and its application to a major crop pathogen. Ecology Letters, 16 (6) : pp. 721-730.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Dispersal is a key parameter of adaptation, invasion and persistence. Yet standard population genetics inference methods hardly distinguish it from drift and many species cannot be studied by direct markrecapture methods. Here, we introduce a method using rates of change in cline shapes for neutral markers to estimate contemporary dispersal. We apply it to the devastating banana pest Mycosphaerella fijiensis, a wind-dispersed fungus for which a secondary contact zone had previously been detected using landscape genetics tools. By tracking the spatio-temporal frequency change of 15 microsatellite markers, we find that r, the standard deviation of parent-offspring dispersal distances, is 1.2 km/generation1/2. The analysis is further shown robust to a large range of dispersal kernels. We conclude that combining landscape genetics approaches to detect breaks in allelic frequencies with analyses of changes in neutral genetic clines offers a powerful way to obtain ecologically relevant estimates of dispersal in many species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Écologie, Technique analytique, Contrôle de maladies, Mycosphaerella fijiensis, Distribution spatiale, Microsatellite, Flux de gènes, Génétique des populations, Dynamique des populations, Musa, Maladie des raies noires

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rieux Adrien, University of Manchester (GBR)
  • Lenormand T., CEFE (FRA)
  • Carlier Jean, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (FRA)
  • Ravigné Virginie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4252-2574

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568985/)

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