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Impact and epidemiological investigations into the incursion and spread of peste des petits ruminants in the Comoros Archipelago: An increased threat to surrounding Islands

Cetre-Sossah Catherine, Kwiatek Olivier, Faharoudine Abdourahime, Soulé Miradje, Moutroifi Y.O., Vrel Marie-Astrid, Salami Habib, Rassoul S., Asnaoui M., Moindjie Y., Albina Emmanuel, Libeau Geneviève, Cardinale Eric. 2016. Impact and epidemiological investigations into the incursion and spread of peste des petits ruminants in the Comoros Archipelago: An increased threat to surrounding Islands. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 63 (4) : pp. 452-459.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Abstract : Late October 2012, a great number of deaths of unknown origin occurred in goat herds in the suburbs of Ngazidja, located in the Comoros archipelago. Few weeks later, laboratory testing requested by the animal health authorities resulted in the identification of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) infection. Notably, the Index case could be attributed to a sick goat imported from Tanzania. Viral isolation was successful from the lungs leading to the whole N nucleoprotein gene sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the strain belongs to the lineage III which includes strains of eastern African origin. In addition, to evaluate the impact of PPR on the Comorian indigenous domesticated ruminant population, a crosssectional PPR serological survey was conducted between April and July 2013. A low overall PPRV antibody prevalence 2.24% (95% CI [1.38; 3.08]) was detected with a Grande Comore prevalence of 3.34% (IC = [2.09; 4.63]) with a limited spread of the disease mainly due to farm practices such as limited contacts between farm animals and rapid slaughtering of sick animals. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste des petits ruminants, Petits ruminants, Épidémiologie, Transmission des maladies, Enquête pathologique, Évaluation de l'impact, Virologie, Phylogénie, Virus peste petits ruminants, Facteur de risque

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Comores

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cetre-Sossah Catherine, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Contrôle des maladies (FRA)
  • Kwiatek Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Contrôle des maladies (FRA)
  • Faharoudine Abdourahime, Ministère de l'agriculture, de la pêche, de l'environnement, de l'énergie, de l'industrie et de l'artisanat (Comores) (COM)
  • Soulé Miradje, Ministère de l'agriculture, de la pêche, de l'environnement, de l'énergie, de l'industrie et de l'artisanat (Comores) (COM)
  • Moutroifi Y.O., Ministère de l'agriculture, de la pêche, de l'environnement, de l'énergie, de l'industrie et de l'artisanat (Comores) (COM)
  • Vrel Marie-Astrid, INRA (FRA)
  • Salami Habib, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Rassoul S., INRA (FRA)
  • Asnaoui M., INRAPE (COM)
  • Moindjie Y., Ministère de l'agriculture, de la pêche, de l'environnement, de l'énergie, de l'industrie et de l'artisanat (Comores) (COM)
  • Albina Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Libeau Geneviève, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Cardinale Eric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-3434-3541

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576308/)

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