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Foraging range of arthropods with veterinary interest: new insights for Afrotropical Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) using the ring method

Bakhoum Mame Thierno, Fall Moussa, Seck Momar Talla, Gardes Laëtitia, Fall A.G., Diop M., Mall Iba, Balenghien Thomas, Baldet Thierry, Gimonneau Geoffrey, Garros Claire, Bouyer Jérémy. 2016. Foraging range of arthropods with veterinary interest: new insights for Afrotropical Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) using the ring method. Acta Tropica, 157 : pp. 59-67.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : The identification of blood meal source of arthropod vector species contributes to the understanding of host-vector-pathogen interactions. The aim of the current work was to identify blood meal source in Culicoides biting midge species, biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses of livestock and equids, using a new ecological approach. We examined the correlation between blood meal source identified in engorged Culicoides females collected in a suction light trap and the available vertebrate hosts along four rings (200, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 m) centered at the trap site and described the foraging range of the three main vector species of veterinary interest present in the study area, C. imicola, C. kingi and C. oxystoma. The study was performed in four sites localized in the Niayes region of Senegal (West Africa) where recent outbreaks of African horse sickness occurred. Blood meal source identification was carried out by species-specific multiplex PCRs with genomic DNA extracted from the abdomen of engorged females collected during nine night collections for twenty-six collections. The four most abundant hosts present in the studied area (horse, cattle, goat and sheep) were surveyed in each ring zone. The blood meal source varied according to Culicoides species and host availability in each site. Culicoides oxystoma and C. imicola females mainly fed on horses readily available at 200 m maximum from the trap location whereas females of C. kingi fed mainly on cattle, at variable distances from the traps (200 to 2,000 m). Culicoides oxystoma may also feed on other vertebrates. We discuss the results in relation with the transmission of Culicoides-borne arboviruses and the species dispersion capacities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culicoides, Vecteur de maladie, Sang, Hôte, Identification, Préférence alimentaire, Relation hôte parasite, Interactions biologiques, Culicoides kingi, Culicoides oxystoma, Bovin, Caprin, Cheval, Ovin, Transmission des maladies, Peste équine africaine, Virus des animaux

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal

Mots-clés complémentaires : Culicoides imicola, Vertébré, Arbovirose

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bakhoum Mame Thierno, ISRA (SEN)
  • Fall Moussa, ISRA (SEN)
  • Seck Momar Talla, ISRA (SEN)
  • Gardes Laëtitia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Fall A.G., ISRA (SEN)
  • Diop M., ISRA (SEN)
  • Mall Iba, ISRA (SEN)
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (MAR)
  • Baldet Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-9517
  • Gimonneau Geoffrey, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR INTERTRYP (BFA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0613-841X
  • Garros Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4378-5031
  • Bouyer Jérémy, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (ETH) ORCID: 0000-0002-1913-416X

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/579454/)

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