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Diversity panel provides accurate genomic estimate of breeding values for complex traits, within the progenies of biparental crosses involving members of the panel

Ben Hassen Manel, Cao Tuong-Vi, Jacquin Laval, Colombi C., Orasen G., Rakotomalala J., Razafinimpiasa L., Bertone C., Volante Andrea, Biselli Chiara, Valè Giampiero, Ahmadi Nourollah. 2016. Diversity panel provides accurate genomic estimate of breeding values for complex traits, within the progenies of biparental crosses involving members of the panel. . Montpellier : CIRAD-Centre français du riz, Résumé, 1 p. International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics. 14, Montpellier, France, 26 September 2016/29 September 2016.

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Abstract : Recently, the conjunction of high-throughput marker technologies and new statistical methods has given birth to a new breeding strategy called genomic selection(GS).It refers to methods that use genome-wide dense marker genotyping for the prediction of genetic values with enough accuracy to allow selection based on that prediction alone. It consists of two steps: estimation of SNP effects within a training population (TP), and prediction of genomic estimated breeding values (GEBV) in the candidate population(CP)based on SNP genotypes. We present here GS for water use efficiency in rice, in the framework of a pedigree breeding scheme. The TP was composed of 284 accessions belonging to the temperate japonica and tropical japonica rice groups. The CP was composed of 99 F5-F7 lines derived from 36crosses involving 32 accessions of TP. The two populations were genotyped with an average marker density of 4.8perkb, with minimum minor allele frequency of 2.5.Phenotypic traits considered included flowering time (FL), grain yield (GY) and nitrogen balance index (NI)under conventional irrigation (CI) and aerobicsystem (AS).Phenotypes were modeled using two statistical regression methods: genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) and reproducing kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS).The models were tested with three incidence matrixes corresponding to densities of 4.8, 9.5 and 13.8marker per kb, and to linkage disequilibrium (LD)thresholds of r²≤1, r²<0.98 and r²<0.81.For each combination of phenotypic trait, incidence matrix and prediction method, accuracy of GEBV was investigated with 100 replicates using 100 random drawings of 2/3 of accessions of TP to train the prediction model. The accuracies of GEBV prediction were reasonably high for GY (0.41; Sd=0.03) and for NI (0.36; Sd=0.04), low for FL (0.26; Sd = 0.07). They were not significantly different under CI and AS. Likewise, the accuracies of prediction were not significantly different between GBLUP and RKHS methods. The size of the incidence matrix affected negatively the accuracy of prediction for GY and NI, suggesting negative effect of long-distance LD. These are the very first results of inter-population prediction in rice breeding. GEBV predictions need to be optimized by exploring potential effect of population structure within both TP and CP, and the minimum number of progenies for individual crosses. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés libres : Genomic selection, Rice, Water use effeciency, Accuracy of GS prediction

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ben Hassen Manel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Cao Tuong-Vi, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Jacquin Laval, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Colombi C., Parco Tecnologico Padano (ITA)
  • Orasen G., University of Milan (ITA)
  • Rakotomalala J., FOFIFA (MDG)
  • Razafinimpiasa L., FOFIFA (MDG)
  • Bertone C., University of Milan (ITA)
  • Volante Andrea, CREA (ITA)
  • Biselli Chiara, CREA (ITA)
  • Valè Giampiero, CREA (ITA)
  • Ahmadi Nourollah, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0072-6285

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583016/)

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