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Understanding the socio-institutional context to support adaptation for future water security in forest landscapes

Devisscher Tahia, Vignola Raffaele, Coll Besa Monica, Cronenbold Romy, Pacheco Nelson, Schillinger Ralf, Canedi Virgina, Sandoval Claudio, Gonzalez Diego, Leclerc Grégoire. 2016. Understanding the socio-institutional context to support adaptation for future water security in forest landscapes. Ecology and Society, 21 (4):48, 31 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Url - éditeur : https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol21/iss4/art48/

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : During the first half of the 21st century, socioeconomic development is expected to contribute faster and to a greater extent to global water stress than climate change. Consequently, we aimed to identify conditions that can facilitate local adaptation planning for future water security, accounting for the socio-institutional context, developmental needs, and interests affecting water use and management. Our study focused on three forest landscapes in Latin America where water stress was identified as a current concern potentially leading to future social conflict if not addressed. In the three sites, we adopted a participatory approach to implement a systematic diagnostic framework for the analysis of socio-institutional barriers and opportunities influencing local adaptation decision making. This novel application enabled science-society engagement in which civil society organizations were coleading the research. The field methods we used involved participatory social network mapping, semistructured interviews, and validation workshops. Our study generated insights into several interventions that could help overcome barriers affecting the adaptation decision-making process, particularly in the diagnosis and early planning phases. Points of intervention included fostering local participation and dialogue to facilitate coproduction of knowledge, and strengthening the role of key central actors in the water governance networks. These key actors are currently bridging multiple interests, information sources, and governance levels, and thus, they could become agents of change that facilitate local adaptation processes. Working jointly with civil society to frame the research proved effective to increase awareness about water issues, which related not only to the technological, economic, and political aspects of water, but also to organizational processes. The involvement of civil society created genuine interest in building further capacity for climate adaptation and water security. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Changement climatique, Ressource en eau, Conservation de l'eau, Forêt, forêt tropicale, adaptation aux changements climatiques, approches participatives, Communauté rurale, Gouvernance, Politique de développement, Politique de l'environnement, Développement régional, Aménagement forestier

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique latine, Argentine, Bolivie (État plurinational de), Chili

Mots-clés libres : Climate change adaptation, Knowledge coproduction, Latin America, Local development, Science and society interface, Water security

Classification Agris : P10 - Water resources and management
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E50 - Rural sociology
E14 - Development economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Devisscher Tahia, Stockholm Environment Institute (GBR)
  • Vignola Raffaele, CATIE (CRI)
  • Coll Besa Monica, Stockholm Environment Institute (SWE)
  • Cronenbold Romy, FCBC (BOL)
  • Pacheco Nelson, FCBC (BOL)
  • Schillinger Ralf, BMJ (ARG)
  • Canedi Virgina, BMJ (ARG)
  • Sandoval Claudio, Gobernación Provincial de Malleco (CHL)
  • Gonzalez Diego, PricewaterhouseCoopers (USA)
  • Leclerc Grégoire, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (CRI)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583305/)

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