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Efficacy of leaf oil from Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa in controlling bacterial wilt of tomato

Deberdt Peninna, Davezies Isabelle, Coranson Beaudu Régine, Jestin Alexandra. 2018. Efficacy of leaf oil from Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa in controlling bacterial wilt of tomato. Plant Disease, 102 (1) : pp. 124-131.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Bacterial wilt, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, is a major plant disease throughout the Caribbean. The ability of the essential oil from Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa to control bacterial wilt of tomato (R. solanacearum, phylotype IIB/4NPB) was investigated. Lemongrass (chemotype 1)-, aniseed (chemotype 2)-, and clove (chemotype 3)-scented chemotypes of P. racemosa var. racemosa essential oil were tested. Six concentrations of emulsified essential oil (from 0.01 to 0.14% [v/v]) were evaluated by in vitro culture amendment assays and by in vivo experiments in greenhouse. Chemotype 3 displayed remarkable in vitro antibacterial activity against R. solanacearum, because the minimum inhibitory concentration was only 0.03%, compared with 0.14% for chemotypes 1 and 2. In greenhouse experiments, no incidence of bacterial wilt was observed in tomato plants grown in soil treated with chemotype 3 of P. racemosa var. racemosa at a concentration of 0.14%. In the untreated control soil, 62% of plants displayed symptoms of bacterial wilt. Treatment with chemotype 3 significantly increased the growth of tomato plants compared with untreated controls. These results suggest that chemotype 3 of P. racemosa var. racemosa essential oil is a good candidate for further development as a soil biofumigant for the control of tomato bacterial wilt. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pimenta racemosa, Tomate, Maladie des plantes, Ralstonia solanacearum, Lutte biologique, Extrait d'origine végétale, Feuille, Composition chimique, Huile essentielle, Bactéricide

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Caraïbes

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F40 - Plant ecology
000 - Autres thèmes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Deberdt Peninna, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (MTQ) - auteur correspondant
  • Davezies Isabelle
  • Coranson Beaudu Régine, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (MTQ)
  • Jestin Alexandra

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/586486/)

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