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Risk factors of extended-epectrum β-Lactamase producing eterobacteriaceae occurrence in farms in Reunion, Madagascar and Mayotte Islands, 2016–2017

Gay Noellie, Leclaire Alexandre, Laval Morgane, Miltgen Guillaume, Jego Mael, Ramin Stéphane, Jaubert Julien, Belmonte Olivier, Cardinale Eric. 2018. Risk factors of extended-epectrum β-Lactamase producing eterobacteriaceae occurrence in farms in Reunion, Madagascar and Mayotte Islands, 2016–2017. Veterinary Sciences, 5 (1):22, 14 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : In South Western Indian ocean (IO), Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are a main public health issue. In livestock, ESBL-E burden was unknown. The aim of this study was estimating the prevalence of ESBL-E on commercial farms in Reunion, Mayotte and Madagascar and genes involved. Secondly, risk factors of ESBL-E occurrence in broiler, beef cattle and pig farms were explored. In 2016–2017, commercial farms were sampled using boot swabs and samples stored at 4 °C before microbiological analysis for phenotypical ESBL-E and gene characterization. A dichotomous questionnaire was performed. Prevalences observed in all production types and territories were high, except for beef cattle in Reunion, which differed significantly. The most common ESBL gene was blaCTX-M-1. Generalized linear models explaining ESBL-E occurrence varied between livestock production sectors and allowed identifying main protective (e.g., water quality control and detergent use for cleaning) and risk factors (e.g., recent antibiotic use, other farmers visiting the exploitation, pet presence). This study is the first to explore tools for antibiotic resistance management in IO farms. It provides interesting hypothesis to explore about antibiotic use in IO territories and ESBL-E transmission between pig, beef cattle and humans in Madagascar.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Enterobacteriaceae, Santé animale, Santé publique, Ferme d'élevage, Bétail, Désinfectant, Résistance aux antibiotiques

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion, Madagascar, Mayotte, Océan Indien Sud, Océan indien occidental

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L70 - Veterinary science and hygiene
000 - Autres thèmes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Regional Development Fund

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Traquer les Risques Sanitaires dans l’Océan Indien avec une approche One Health

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gay Noellie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Leclaire Alexandre, Centre hospitalier universitaire Félix Guyon (REU)
  • Laval Morgane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Miltgen Guillaume, Centre hospitalier universitaire Félix Guyon (REU)
  • Jego Mael, Animals, Health, Territories, Risks and Ecosystems (FRA)
  • Ramin Stéphane, Animals, Health, Territories, Risks and Ecosystems (FRA)
  • Jaubert Julien, Animals, Health, Territories, Risks and Ecosystems (FRA)
  • Belmonte Olivier, Centre hospitalier universitaire Félix Guyon (REU)
  • Cardinale Eric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-3434-3541

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/592375/)

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