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Progress to control and eradication of peste des petits ruminants in the Southern African development community region

Britton Andrea, Caron Alexandre, Bedane Berhanu. 2019. Progress to control and eradication of peste des petits ruminants in the Southern African development community region. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6:343, 7 p.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : In southern Africa, small ruminants are an important source of nutrition and income to resource-poor small holder farmers. After spreading from West to Central and Eastern Africa, peste des petits ruminants (PPR) emerged in the United Republic of Tanzania in 2008 and has since been reported in Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Comoros. The disease can cause considerable morbidity and mortality in naïve sheep and goat populations and severely impact rural livelihoods, particularly those of women. Gaps in the knowledge of PPR epidemiology still exist, particularly around the role of small-ruminant movement and the role of the abundant wildlife in southern Africa. The capacity of veterinary services to undertake surveillance and control PPR is heterogeneous within the region, with vaccination being limited. The Pan African strategy for the control and eradication of PPR mirrors the Global Strategy and provides the framework for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region to meet the 2030 goal of eradication. Five countries and one zone within Namibia are officially PPR free according to OIE Standards. Most countries have developed national strategies for the control and eradication of PPR. To strengthen national and regional PPR eradication programme goals, there is a need for a regional risk-based surveillance adapted to infected, high-risk and lower-risk countries that will enable targeted and efficient control, rapid response to incursions and prevention of spread as well as improved preparedness. Continued international and national support will be necessary including laboratory diagnostics and enhancing surveillance capacity to prevent further spread southwards on the continent.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste des petits ruminants, Surveillance épidémiologique, Prophylaxie des maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Angola, République-Unie de Tanzanie, République démocratique du Congo, Comores, Afrique au sud du Sahara

Mots-clés libres : PPR, Southern African Development Community, Surveillance, Risk-based surveillance, Small ruminant

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology
L01 - Animal husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Animal Health and Welfare, ANIHWA CALL1:Improved Understanding of Epidemiology of PPR

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Britton Andrea - auteur correspondant
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MOZ) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Bedane Berhanu, FAO (ZWE)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594178/)

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