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Numerical modelling of shape regulation and growth stresses in trees : II. Implementation in the AMAPpara software and simulation of tree growth

Fourcaud Thierry, Blaise Frédéric, Lac Patrick, Castera Patrick, De Reffye Philippe. 2003. Numerical modelling of shape regulation and growth stresses in trees : II. Implementation in the AMAPpara software and simulation of tree growth. Trees, 17 (1) : pp. 31-39.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Autre titre : Modélisation numérique de la régulation de la forme et des contraintes de croissance chez les arbres. II. Implémentation dans le logiciel AMAPpara et simulation de la croissance des arbres

Abstract : The main objective of this paper is to present the results of a study of the interactions between the growth and design of a tree with regards to biomechanical factors at the plant level. A numerical incremental model dedicated to the calculation of tree mechanical behaviour has been integrated in the plant architecture simulation software AMAPpara. At any stage of tree growth, a new equilibrium was calculated considering the weight increment applied on the structure, i.e. the mass of new wood layers and vegetative elements, as well as the biomechanical reaction caused by cell maturation strains in both normal and reaction wood. The resulting incremental displacements allowed the tree shape to be modified. The field of growth stresses was calculated within the stem, using a cumulative process taking into consideration the past history of each growth ring. The simulation results of trunk and branch shape, as well as internal stresses, were examined after consideration of different growth strategies. A block of trees was also simulated in order to show the influence of spatial competition on stem curvature and the variability in growth stress. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Arbre, Croissance, Modèle mathématique, Propriété mécanique, Port de la plante, Stress, Logiciel, Compétition végétale

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F50 - Plant structure
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/513525/)

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