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Genetic effects of forest management practices: Global synthesis and perspectives

Ratnam Wickneswari, Rajora Om P., Finkeldey Reiner, Aravanopoulos Filippos, Bouvet Jean-Marc, Vaillancourt René E., Kanashiro Milton, Fady Bruno, Tomita Motoshi, Vinson Christina. 2014. Genetic effects of forest management practices: Global synthesis and perspectives. Forest Ecology and Management, 333 : pp. 52-65.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Understanding the genetic impacts of forest management practices is crucial for conservation and management of forest genetic resources. Forest management practices based on selective and clear cut systems followed by natural or artificial regeneration can impact population structure and mating patterns, thus gene flow and genetic diversity. Survival and productivity of both tree and non-tree species can be compromised or, possibly, enhanced. The extent of genetic impacts depend on the management system applied, stand structure as well as species' distribution, demography, biological attributes and ecology. The impact of management practices is reviewed and synthesized for temperate, boreal and tropical forests based on experimental and simulation studies. In addition, the effects of genetically improved planting materials and establishment of large scale plantations on natural forests are examined. Recommendations are made for genetically sustainable forest management practices. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt, forêt tempérée, forêt tropicale, Forêt boréale, Aménagement forestier, Sylviculture, Génétique des populations, Impact sur l'environnement, Plantations, forêt primaire, Composition botanique, Caractéristique du peuplement, Ressource génétique végétale, Conservation des ressources, Opération forestière, Régénération naturelle, Régénération artificielle

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde, Europe, Amérique du Nord, Amérique latine, Asie du Sud-Est, Australie, Région méditerranéenne

Mots-clés complémentaires : Forêt naturelle

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K10 - Forestry production

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ratnam Wickneswari, University Kebangsaa Malaysia (MYS)
  • Rajora Om P., University of New Brunswick (USA)
  • Finkeldey Reiner, University of Göttingen (DEU)
  • Aravanopoulos Filippos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (GRC)
  • Bouvet Jean-Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Vaillancourt René E., University of Tasmania (AUS)
  • Kanashiro Milton, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Fady Bruno, INRA (FRA)
  • Tomita Motoshi, Hokkaido University (JPN)
  • Vinson Christina, EMBRAPA (BRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/574721/)

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