Analysis of the interactions of shade trees on coffee leaf diseases and coffee yield in complex agroforestry systems

Durand-Bessart Clémentine, Tixier Philippe, Quinteros Alcide, Andreotti Federico, Rapidel Bruno, Tauvel Camille, Allinne Clémentine. 2019. Analysis of the interactions of shade trees on coffee leaf diseases and coffee yield in complex agroforestry systems. In : 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). CIRAD, INRA, World Agroforestry, Agropolis International, MUSE. Montpellier : CIRAD-INRA, Résumé, p. 784. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, Montpellier, France, 20 May 2019/22 May 2019.

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Abstract : In complex coffee-based agroforestry, quantifying interactions within the agrosystem that impact on coffee disease regulation and on coffee yield is a major stake to design sustainable cropping systems. To this end, we analyzed the interaction network between shade trees, coffee trees (Catimor variety), coffee foliar diseases complex (CFDC; majority of Mycena citricolor) and soil characteristics. The system is characterized by 40 variables measured in 60 plots spread on three farms (monitored for 2 years) in Nicaragua. We used Partial Least Square Path Modeling (PLSPM) to study the network interaction. We built 6 blocks with the more significant variables of each component: shade trees (shade percentage, species), soil (Cation Exchange Capacity, P), CFDC (incidence, severity), coffee trees age and size, coffee growth and coffee yield. The second part of the PLSPM was performed between blocks. Shade trees, mostly the shade percentage, had direct positive effects on CFDC and soil quality, and negative effects on coffee growth and yield. Shade had also an indirect negative effect on coffee trees by increasing CFDC, which impedes coffee growth and yield. Soil variables being negatively related to CFDC, shade had an indirect effect on coffee trees. Reducing excessive shade cover seems to be a solution to enhance positive impacts of shade trees on coffee yield. Overall, shade management requires an analysis of trade-offs between soil quality, diseases regulation and yield gains.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea, Arbre d'ombrage, Maladie des plantes, Feuille, Rendement des cultures

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nicaragua

Mots-clés libres : Agroforestry, Sustainability

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K10 - Forestry production
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Durand-Bessart Clémentine
  • Tixier Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR GECO (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5147-9777
  • Quinteros Alcide
  • Andreotti Federico, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Rapidel Bruno, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0288-5650
  • Allinne Clémentine, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (CRI)

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