Phylogeny of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster as shown by sequencing of a putative membrane protein gene

Thiaucourt François, Lorenzon Sophie, David Armelle, Bréard Alain. 2000. Phylogeny of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster as shown by sequencing of a putative membrane protein gene. Veterinary Microbiology, 72 (3-4) : pp. 251-268.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The Mycoplasma mycoides cluster is made of six species that are closely related both genetically and phenotypically. Two are of particular importance, M. mycoides subsp, mycoides SC causing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and M. capricolum subsp, capripneumoniae causing contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. The sequences of a putative membrane protein gene and partial flanking open reading frames have been obtained from various strains in this cluster, including all reference strains. Sequence analysis showed this locus is present and fully conserved in all strains of M. mycoides subsp, mycoides SC isolated from geographically most distant places worldwide. In M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae polymorphism in this locus has been found at seven positions and revealed that they can be used as epidemiological markers. Conserved regions were used to define a primer pair that enables the amplification by PCR of two fragments 302 and 1298 bp long, respectively. The 302 bp long fragment contains an intergenic sequence that can be used for phylogenetic studies or for identification purposes. Parsimony analysis on an alignment of 49 DNA sequences show a subdivision of the M. mycoides cluster into two subgroups that is in accordance with results obtained by phenotypic methods. Two lineages exist within the capricolum subgroup, one of them clustering strains identified as M. capricolum subsp. capricolum, M. capricolum subsp. capricolum and M. sp Bovine Group 7. However M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae strains can readily be identified by three specific nucleotide positions or by sequencing the 1298 bp long fragment. There is no clear subdivision within the mycoides subgroup, supporting the idea that M. mycoides subsp. mycoides LC and M. mycoides subsp. capri should not be separated into two subspecies. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC strains can easily be distinguished as they bear an insertion sequence 15 bp downstream from the stop codon of the membrane protein gene. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Mycoplasma mycoides, Phylogénie, Analyse biologique, Gène, PCR

Classification Agris : L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Thiaucourt François, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA)
  • Bréard Alain

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : BA_PEBA807 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR1075 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR1074 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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