Empowering producer organizations : issues, goals, and ambiguities

Mercoiret Marie-Rose, Goudiaby Bara, Marzaroli Silvio, Fall Diogou, Gueye Samba, Coulibaly Jean. 2001. Empowering producer organizations : issues, goals, and ambiguities. In : Agricultural producer organizations : their contribution to rural capacity building and poverty reduction. Rondot Pierre (ed.), Collion Marie-Hélène (ed.). FIPA, World Bank. Washington : World Bank, pp. 20-28. International Workshop on Strengthening Producer Organizations, Washington, États-Unis, 28 June 1999/30 June 1999.

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Abstract : Organization is essential for family farming, and producers had organized themselves long before the advent of development institutions. Rural societies still have forms of organization inherited from the past, and some are more vibrant than others. Their purpose is to deal with the many variables of farming life, to stabilize production conditions, and to manage peak labor demands. These organizations were developed to "regulate the relationships" between their members, and to provide access to means of production (land and water), the farming calendar, and farming practices. Their purpose, an inward rather than an outward one, was to forestall and resolve conflicts between members of the local society; depending on other forms of social control, the producer organizations are subject to the power relationships within that society. [...] The new producers' organizations (POs) are of a "radically different nature." Their function is not to "regulate international relationships in the groups concerned" Their "essential function is to organize relationships with the outside." They are interface structures conceived as being: - Either a means of facilitating/accelerating the integration of rural dwellers into the market and into society at large, or - A means of improving the relationships of rural societies with their environments (market, society at large). Thus, producers' organizations are (or would like to be) intermediaries between the rural producers and the other stakeholders in their economic, institutional, and political environment. They are, in fact, "hybrid" structures governed, each in their own way, by two types of thinking and two "meaning systems." They are generally organized around two types of issues: - First, creation/managing the services producers now need due to modernization in techniques (for example procurement of supplies and equipment, loans) and to their integration into the market (product marketing); and - Second, representing the producers and defending their interests to other economic and institutional stakeholders, and the government.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Association d'agriculteurs, Exploitation agricole familiale, Développement rural, Organisation paysanne

Classification Agris : E14 - Development economics and policies
E40 - Cooperatives

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mercoiret Marie-Rose, CIRAD-TERA-AF (FRA)
  • Goudiaby Bara, APM (SEN)
  • Marzaroli Silvio, RIAD (URY)
  • Fall Diogou
  • Gueye Samba, CNCR (SEN)
  • Coulibaly Jean

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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