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Lipid transfer proteins in coffee: isolation of Coffea orthologs, Coffea arabica homeologs, expression during coffee fruit development and promoter analysis in transgenic tobacco plants

Cotta Michelle G., Barros Leila M.G., De Almeida Juliana D., De Lamotte Frédéric, Barbosa Eder A., Vieira Natalia Gomes, Alves Gabriel Sergio Costa, Vinecky Felipe, Andrade Alan Carvalho, Marraccini Pierre. 2014. Lipid transfer proteins in coffee: isolation of Coffea orthologs, Coffea arabica homeologs, expression during coffee fruit development and promoter analysis in transgenic tobacco plants. Plant Molecular Biology, 85 (1-2) : pp. 11-31.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Abstract : The aim of the present study was to perform a genomic analysis of non-specific lipid-transfer proteins (nsLTPs) in coffee. Several nsLTPs-encoding cDNA and gene sequences were cloned from Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora species. In this work, their analyses revealed that coffee nsLTPs belong to Type II LTP characterized under their mature forms by a molecular weight of around 7.3 kDa, a basic isoelectric points of 8.5 and the presence of typical CXC pattern, with X being an hydrophobic residue facing towards the hydrophobic cavity. Even if several single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified in these nsLTP-coding sequences, 3D predictions showed that they do not have a significant impact on protein functions. Northern blot and RT-qPCR experiments revealed specific expression of Type II nsLTPs-encoding genes in coffee fruits, mainly during the early development of endosperm of both C. arabica and C. canephora. As part of our search for tissue-specific promoters in coffee, an nsLTP promoter region of around 1.2 kb was isolated. It contained several DNA repeats including boxes identified as essential for grain specific expression in other plants. The whole fragment, and a series of 5? deletions, were fused to the reporter gene ?-glucuronidase (uidA) and analyzed in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum plants. Histochemical and fluorimetric GUS assays showed that the shorter (345 bp) and medium (827 bp) fragments of nsLTP promoter function as grain-specific promoters in transgenic tobacco plants. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Plante transgénique, Nicotiana tabacum, Fève de café, Développement biologique, Endosperme, Expression des gènes, Génie génétique, Protéine, Lipide

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Mots-clés complémentaires : Promoteur

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cotta Michelle G., UFLA (BRA)
  • Barros Leila M.G., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • De Almeida Juliana D., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • De Lamotte Frédéric, INRA (FRA)
  • Barbosa Eder A., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Vieira Natalia Gomes, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Alves Gabriel Sergio Costa, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Vinecky Felipe, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Andrade Alan Carvalho, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Marraccini Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7637-6811

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573296/)

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