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An investigation of social dynamics in Cape buffalo and implications for disease transmission at wildlife/domestic interfaces in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area

Caron Alexandre, De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, Miguel Eve, Grosbois Vladimir, Foggin Chris, Hofmeyr Markus, Cornélis Daniel. 2015. An investigation of social dynamics in Cape buffalo and implications for disease transmission at wildlife/domestic interfaces in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area. Gnusletter (1), « n.spéc. » African Buffalo, Résumé : pp. 21-22. Symposium on African Buffalo. 1, Paris, France, 5 November 2014/6 November 2014.

Journal article ; Article de revue sans comité de lecture
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Abstract : In southern Africa, TransFrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) are promoting the sustainable coexistence between Mankind and Nature, and are seeking to find a balance between wildlife conservation, agricultural production and natural resource use. In these TFCAs, the various land use types include wildlife/domestic interfaces prone to create human/wildlife conflicts. Amongst those conflicts, disease transmission between buffalo and cattle (and potentially to human for zoonoses) is a serious concern. In this study, we GPS-tracked buffalo and cattle herds in the Great Limpopo TFCA in order to understand disease transmission and estimate the risk of emerging pathogen spillover. This protocol makes it possible to investigate inter-species contacts along multiple spatiotemporal windows, and thus risks of transmission of various pathogens. Regarding buffalo specifically, Adult females were shown to range within stable home ranges, displaying little overlap with adjacent buffalo herds. However, interindividual association patterns strongly challenged the standard concept of herd. Interestingly, two of the young GPS-tracked females displayed long-range (70- 90kms) movements in a few week times, linking distant buffalo populations across communal lands. This shed light on a poorly described behaviour that has major implications in disease ecology in the GLTFCA. We conclude by discussing the implication of buffalo/cattle interactions for disease transmission, particularly in the context of transboundary disease transmission and by listing some hypotheses that will require testing in the near future to manage the health issue at buffalo/cattle interfaces in Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Buffle africain, Bovin, Transmission des maladies, Surveillance épidémiologique, Enquête pathologique, Animal sauvage, Animal domestique, Système de positionnement global, Comportement animal, Interactions biologiques, Zone protegée, Conservation des ressources

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique australe, Afrique au sud du Sahara

Mots-clés libres : African buffalo, Conservation, Santé, Afrique sub-saharienne

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (MOZ) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0002-5438-1473
  • Miguel Eve, CNRS (FRA)
  • Grosbois Vladimir, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Foggin Chris, Wildlife veterinary unit-Veterinary services of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Hofmeyr Markus, Kruger National Park (ZAF)
  • Cornélis Daniel, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577470/)

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