Characterisation of the volatile profile of coconut water from five varieties using an optimised HS-SPME-GC analysis

Prades Alexia, Ablan Assa Rebecca Rachel, Dornier Manuel, Pain Jean Pierre, Boulanger Renaud. 2012. Characterisation of the volatile profile of coconut water from five varieties using an optimised HS-SPME-GC analysis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 92 (12) : pp. 2471-2478.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) water is a refreshing tropical drink whose international market has recently been growing. However, little is yet known about its physicochemical composition, particularly its aroma. This study set out to characterise the volatile profile of water from five coconut varieties. RESULTS: Aroma compounds were characterised by headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography (HS-SPME-GC) analysis. An experimental design was established to optimise SPME conditions, leading to an equilibration time of 10 min followed by an extraction time of 60 min at 50 °C. Accordingly, immature coconut water from WAT (West African Tall), PB121 (MYD × WAT Hybrid), MYD (Malayan Yellow Dwarf), EGD (Equatorial Guinea Green Dwarf) and THD (Thailand Aromatic Green Dwarf) palms was analysed and described. Ketones were mainly present in the Tall and Hybrid varieties, whereas aldehydes were most abundant in the Dwarf palms. Tall coconut water was characterised by a high lactone content. THD exhibited a high ethyl octanoate level. The cluster analysis of the volatile fraction from the five coconut cultivars was found to be related to their genetic classification. CONCLUSION: The volatile compounds of immature coconut water from five varieties were characterised for the first time. Volatile profile analysis could be a useful tool for the selection of Dwarf coconut varieties, which are mainly consumed as a beverage. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eau de coco, Cocos nucifera, Composé aromatique, Qualité, Chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Composition chimique, Stade de développement végétal, Maturité, Variété, Nain, Génotype

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande, Côte d'Ivoire, Afrique occidentale, Guinée Équatoriale, Malaisie

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Prades Alexia, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8508-0561
  • Ablan Assa Rebecca Rachel, CNRA (CIV)
  • Dornier Manuel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Pain Jean Pierre, UM2 (FRA)
  • Boulanger Renaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9396-5634

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