Coumarin and furanocoumarin quantitation in citrus peel via ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)

Dugrand Audray, Olry Alexandre, Duval Thibault, Hehn Alain, Froelicher Yann, Bourgaud Frédéric. 2013. Coumarin and furanocoumarin quantitation in citrus peel via ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61 (45) : pp. 10677-10684.

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED

Abstract : Coumarins and furanocoumarins are secondary metabolites commonly found in citrus plants. These molecules are allelochemical compounds in plants that have controversial effects on humans, such as phototoxicity and the commonly described interactions with drugs, referred to as the "grapefruit juice effect". Thus, it is important to develop a reliable method to identify and quantitate the coumarins and furanocoumarins in citrus extracts. For this purpose, we herein describe an ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)-based method. We first developed a rapid UPLC method (20 min) to separate the isomers of each furanocoumarin. A subsequent single ion monitoring MS detection method was performed to distinguish between the molecules, which were possibly coeluting but had different molecular weights. The method was successfully used to separate and quantitate 6 coumarins and 21 furanocoumarins in variable amounts within peel extracts (flavedo and albedo) of 6 varieties of Citrus (sweet orange, lemon, grapefruit, bergamot, pummelo, and clementine). This method combines high selectivity and sensitivity in a rapid analysis and is useful for fingerprinting Citrus species via their coumarin and furanocoumarin contents. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pelure, Citron, Citrus, Composé aromatique, Coumarine, Variété, Technique analytique, Analyse quantitative, Spectrométrie de masse, HPLC, Substance toxique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Corse

Mots-clés complémentaires : Furanocoumarine

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
U30 - Research methods
Q03 - Food contamination

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dugrand Audray, INPL (FRA)
  • Olry Alexandre, INPL (FRA)
  • Duval Thibault, INPL (FRA)
  • Hehn Alain, INPL (FRA)
  • Froelicher Yann, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Bourgaud Frédéric, INPL (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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