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Analysis of elicitors in different varieties of corn silk

Fougère Laetitia, Chartier Agnès, Rhino Béatrice, Destandau Emilie, Elfakir Claire. 2016. Analysis of elicitors in different varieties of corn silk. Planta Medica, 81, suppl. 01, 1 p. (Meeting Abstract: P109) 9th Joint Meeting of AFERP, ASP, GA, JSP, PSE & SIF AFERP, ASP, GA, JSP, PSE & SIF. 9, Copenhagen, Danemark, 24 July 2016/27 July 2016.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : INTEGRATIVE & COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, MEDICINAL

Abstract : Plant response to insect damage offers an environmentally sound alternative to pesticides. In this context, a work was conducted in the molecular characterization of different corn silk varieties, to obtain an additional information to a protection study of tomato plant against devastating insect (Helicoverpa zea). Indeed, corn silks transmit volatile compounds that attract H. zea and its natural enemies. Once H. zea installed, the produced flavonoids-C-glycosylated reduce larvae growth. Five corn varieties (Java; Garrison; Sugar Jean; Nova; Golden Bantam) were studied by solid phase micro extraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS) and liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry multiple reaction monitoring (LC/MS-MRM). Thirty-eight volatile molecules were identified by SPME-GC/MS. These molecules have been quantified by external calibration from four standards (hexenyl acetate, phenyl ethanol, phenyl acetaldehyde, methyljasmonate) of the same families. The concentration of these volatile compounds was low in Sugar Jean variety while the Garrison and Golden Bantam variety exhibited higher concentration in volatiles such as phenylacetaldehyde. In LC/MS-MRM, the study of molecule fragmentation showed unit losses of 60, 90, 120 Da and that of 132, 146, 162 Da, which allowed to distinguish between C- and O-glycosylated flavonoids. Flavone C-glycosides were identified in each silk, such as maysin and apimaysin. Some molecules were present in various amounts in the studied varieties. The relative content of maysin and ax-5”-methane-3'-methoxymaysin was higher in Java variety, while the relative content of apimaysin and eq-4”-OH-maysin were more prevalent in Golden Bantam variety, and that of luteolin O-glucoside was more important in Sugar Jean variety. These two chromatographic techniques allowed differentiating between varieties of corn silk thanks to their chromatographic fingerprint. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés libres : Corn silk, Volatile compounds, Flavones, SPME-GC/MS, LC/MS2 and MRM

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fougère Laetitia, Université d'Orléans (FRA)
  • Chartier Agnès, Université d'Orléans (FRA)
  • Rhino Béatrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (MTQ)
  • Destandau Emilie, Université d'Orléans (FRA)
  • Elfakir Claire, Université d'Orléans (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585801/)

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