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Diversity of cacao trees in Waslala, Nicaragua: Associations between genotype spectra, product quality and yield potential

Trognitz Bodo, Cros Emile, Assemat Sophie, Davrieux Fabrice, Forestier-Chiron Nelly, Ayestas Eusebio, Kuant Aldo, Scheldeman Xavier, Hermann Michael. 2013. Diversity of cacao trees in Waslala, Nicaragua: Associations between genotype spectra, product quality and yield potential. PloS One, 8 (1):e54079, 13 p.

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Url - jeu de données : https://figshare.com/articles/Diversity_of_Cacao_Trees_in_Waslala_Nicaragua_Associations_between_Genotype_Spectra_Product_Quality_and_Yield_Potential__/114347

Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : The sensory quality and the contents of quality-determining chemical compounds in unfermented and fermented cocoa from 100 cacao trees (individual genotypes) representing groups of nine genotype spectra (GG), grown at smallholder plantings in the municipality of Waslala, Nicaragua, were evaluated for two successive harvest periods. Cocoa samples were fermented using a technique mimicking recommended on-farm practices. The sensory cocoa quality was assessed by experienced tasters, and seven major chemical taste compounds were quantified by near infrared spectrometry (NIRS). The association of the nine, partially admixed, genotype spectra with the analytical and sensory quality parameters was tested. The individual parameters were analyzed as a function of the factors GG and harvest (including the date of fermentation), individual trees within a single GG were used as replications. In fermented cocoa, significant GG-specific differences were observed for methylxanthines, theobromine-to-caffeine (T/C) ratio, total fat, procyanidin B5 and epicatechin, as well as the sensory attributes global score, astringency, and dry fruit aroma, but differences related to harvest were also apparent. The potential cocoa yield was also highly determined by the individual GG, although there was significant tree-to-tree variation within every single GG. Non-fermented samples showed large harvest-to-harvest variation of their chemical composition, while differences between GG were insignificant. These results suggest that selection by the genetic background, represented here by groups of partially admixed genotype spectra, would be a useful strategy toward enhancing quality and yield of cocoa in Nicaragua. Selection by the GG within the local, genetically segregating populations of seedpropagated cacao, followed by clonal propagation of best-performing individuals of the selected GG could be a viable alternative to traditional propagation of cacao by seed from open pollination. Fast and gentle air-drying of the fermented beans and their permanent dry storage were an efficient and comparatively easy precondition for high cocoa quality. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Fève de cacao, Qualité, Propriété organoleptique, Variation génétique, Composition chimique, Fermentation, Stockage, Rendement des cultures, Amélioration des plantes, Spectroscopie infrarouge

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nicaragua

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
Q02 - Food processing and preservation
F01 - Crop husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Trognitz Bodo, AIT [Austriche] (AUT)
  • Cros Emile
  • Assemat Sophie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Davrieux Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Forestier-Chiron Nelly, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Ayestas Eusebio, Universidad Nacional Agraria (NIC)
  • Kuant Aldo
  • Scheldeman Xavier, Bioversity International (COL)
  • Hermann Michael, Bioversity International (COL)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568597/)

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