Ancient and modern DNA reveal dynamics of domestication and cross-continental dispersal of the dromedary

Almathen Faisal, Charruau Pauline, Mohandesan Elmira, Mwacharo Joram M., Orozco-terWengel Pablo, Pitt Daniel, Abdussamad Abdussamad M., Uerpmann Margarethe, Uerpmann Hans-Peter, De Cupere Bea, Magee Peter, Alnaqeeb Majed A., Salim Bashir, Raziq Abdul, Dessie Tadelle, Abdelhadi Omer M.A., Banabazi Mohammad H., Al-Eknah Marzouk, Walzer Chris, Faye Bernard, Hofreiter Michael, Peters Joris, Hanotte Olivier, Burger Pamela A.. 2016. Ancient and modern DNA reveal dynamics of domestication and cross-continental dispersal of the dromedary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113 (24) : pp. 6707-6712.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion; Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Additional Information : Jeux de données : Data deposition: The sequences reported in this paper have been deposited in the Genbank database (accession nos. JX946206–JX946273, KF719283–KF719290, and KT334316–KT334323).

Abstract : Dromedaries have been fundamental to the development of human societies in arid landscapes and for long-distance trade across hostile hot terrains for 3,000 y. Today they continue to be an important livestock resource in marginal agro-ecological zones. However, the history of dromedary domestication and the influence of ancient trading networks on their genetic structure have remained elusive. We combined ancient DNA sequences of wild and early-domesticated dromedary samples from arid regions with nuclear microsatellite and mitochondrial genotype information from 1,083 extant animals collected across the species' range. We observe little phylogeographic signal in the modern population, indicative of extensive gene flow and virtually affecting all regions except East Africa, where dromedary populations have remained relatively isolated. In agreement with archaeological findings, we identify wild dromedaries from the southeast Arabian Peninsula among the founders of the domestic dromedary gene pool. Approximate Bayesian computations further support the “restocking from the wild” hypothesis, with an initial domestication followed by introgression from individuals from wild, now-extinct populations. Compared with other livestock, which show a long history of gene flow with their wild ancestors, we find a high initial diversity relative to the native distribution of the wild ancestor on the Arabian Peninsula and to the brief coexistence of early-domesticated and wild individuals. This study also demonstrates the potential to retrieve ancient DNA sequences from osseous remains excavated in hot and dry desert environments. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dromadaire, Génétique des populations, Dynamique des populations, Histoire, Évolution, Domestication des animaux, Animal sauvage, Distribution géographique, ADN, Séquence nucléotidique, Paléontologie, Phylogénie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Nord, Afrique occidentale, Asie du Sud, États du Golfe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius

Mots-clés libres : Anthropogenic admixture, Camelus dromedarius, Demographic history, Paleogenetics, Wild dromedary

Classification Agris : L60 - Animal taxonomy and geography
L10 - Animal genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Almathen Faisal, King Faisal University (SAU)
  • Charruau Pauline, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology (AUT)
  • Mohandesan Elmira, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology (AUT)
  • Mwacharo Joram M., Nottingham University (GBR)
  • Orozco-terWengel Pablo, University of Wales College of Cardiff (GBR)
  • Pitt Daniel, University of Wales College of Cardiff (GBR)
  • Abdussamad Abdussamad M., Bayero University (NGA)
  • Uerpmann Margarethe, University of Tübingen (DEU)
  • Uerpmann Hans-Peter, University of Tübingen (DEU)
  • De Cupere Bea, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (BEL)
  • Magee Peter, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (BEL)
  • Alnaqeeb Majed A., Kuwait University (KWT)
  • Salim Bashir, University of Khartoum (SDN)
  • Raziq Abdul, Lasbela University of Agriculture (PAK)
  • Dessie Tadelle, ILRI (ETH)
  • Abdelhadi Omer M.A., University of Khartoum (SDN)
  • Banabazi Mohammad H., Animal Science Research Institute of Iran (IRN)
  • Al-Eknah Marzouk, King Faisal University (SAU)
  • Walzer Chris, Institute of Population Genetics (AUT)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Hofreiter Michael, University of Potsdam (DEU)
  • Peters Joris, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (DEU)
  • Hanotte Olivier, Nottingham University (GBR)
  • Burger Pamela A., Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology (AUT)

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