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Purification and characterization of vanilla bean (Vanilla planifolia Andrews [bêta]-D glucosidase

Odoux Eric, Chauwin Audrey, Brillouet Jean-Marc. 2003. Purification and characterization of vanilla bean (Vanilla planifolia Andrews [bêta]-D glucosidase. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51 (10) : pp. 3168-3173.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Vanilla bean [bêta]-D-glucosidase was purified to apparent homogeneity by successive anion exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and siz-exclusion chromatography. The enzyme is a tetramer (201 kDa) made up of four identical subunits (50 kDa). The optimum pH was 6.5, and the optimum temperature was 40°C at pH 7.0. Km values for [rô]-nitrophenyl-[bêta]-D-glueopyranoside and glucovanillin were 1.1 and 20.0 mM, respectively; Vmax values were 4.5 and 5.0 [mu]kat-mg-1. The [bêta]-D-glucosidase was competitively inhibited by glucono-[delta]-lactone and 1-deoxynojirimycin, with respective K. values of 670 and 152 [mu]M, and not inhibited by 2 M glucose. The [bêta]-D-glucosidase was not inhibited by [nu]-ethylmaleimide and DTNB and fully inhibited by 1.5-2 M2-mercaptoethanol and 1,4-dithiothreitol. The enzyme showed decreasing activity on [rô]-nitrophenyt-[bêta]-D-fucopyranoside, [rô]-nitrophenyl-[bêta]-Dglucopyranoside, [rô]-nitrophenyl-[bêta]-D-galactopyranoside, and [rô]-nitrophenyl-[bêta]-D-xylopyranoside. The enzyme was also active on prunasin, esculin, and salicin and inactive on cellobiose, gentiobiose, amygdalin, phloridzin, indoxyl-[bêta]-D-glucopyranoside, and quercetin-3-[bêta]-D-glucopyranoside. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vanilla planifolia, Vanille, Graine, Beta glucosidase, Purification, Vanilline, Hydrolyse enzymatique, Enzyme, Température, Concentration, Activité enzymatique

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Odoux Eric, CIRAD-FLHOR-PRH (FRA)
  • Chauwin Audrey, CIRAD-FLHOR-PRH (FRA)
  • Brillouet Jean-Marc, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/515690/)

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