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Effect of temperature on acidity and hydration equilibrium constants of delphinidin-3-O- and cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside calculated from uni- and multiwavelength spectroscopic data

Vidot Kévin, Achir Nawel, Mertz Christian, Sinela André Mundombe, Rawat Nadirah, Prades Alexia, Dangles Olivier, Fulcrand Hélène, Dornier Manuel. 2016. Effect of temperature on acidity and hydration equilibrium constants of delphinidin-3-O- and cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside calculated from uni- and multiwavelength spectroscopic data. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64 (20) : pp. 4139-4145.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED

Abstract : Delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside and cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside are the main anthocyanins of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyces, traditionally used to make a bright red beverage by decoction in water. At natural pH, these anthocyanins are mainly in their flavylium form (red) in equilibrium with the quinonoid base (purple) and the hemiketal (colorless). For the first time, their acidity and hydration equilibrium constants were obtained from a pH-jump method followed by UV–vis spectroscopy as a function of temperature from 4 to 37 °C. Equilibrium constant determination was also performed by multivariate curve resolution (MCR). Acidity and hydration constants of cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside at 25 °C were 4.12 × 10–5 and 7.74 × 10–4, respectively, and were significantly higher for delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside (4.95 × 10–5 and 1.21 × 10–3, respectively). MCR enabled the obtaining of concentration and spectrum of each form but led to overestimated values for the equilibrium constants. However, both methods showed that formations of the quinonoid base and hemiketal were endothermic reactions. Equilibrium constants of anthocyanins in the hibiscus extract showed comparable values as for the isolated anthocyanins. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Hibiscus sabdariffa, Boisson, Anthocyane, Extrait d'origine végétale, Température, Acidité, Propriété physicochimique, Stabilité, Hydratation, Stockage, Réaction chimique, Spectroscopie uv

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vidot Kévin
  • Achir Nawel, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Mertz Christian, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Sinela André Mundombe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Rawat Nadirah
  • Prades Alexia, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (IDN) ORCID: 0000-0001-8508-0561
  • Dangles Olivier, INRA (FRA)
  • Fulcrand Hélène, INRA (FRA)
  • Dornier Manuel, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580821/)

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