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Diversity of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds among tropical root crops from Vanuatu, South Pacific

Champagne Antoine, Hilbert Ghislaine, Legendre Laurent, Lebot Vincent. 2011. Diversity of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds among tropical root crops from Vanuatu, South Pacific. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24 (3) : pp. 315-325.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED

Abstract : To study the composition and amounts of phenolic compounds in ten tropical root crop species consumed daily worldwide and particularly in South Pacific, acidified aqueous extracts were analyzed. Among 134 samples, 78 components were found. Among total peaks detected from these fractions, 3 anthocyanins (peonidin-caffeoyl-feruloylsophoroside-5-glucoside, petunidin-3-glucoside and pelargonidin- 3-glucoside), 5 flavonols (hyperoside, isorhamnetin-3-glucoside, kaempferol-3-glucoside, quercetin- 3-glucopyranoside and quercetin-30-glucoside,60-acetate), 3 flavanols (catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin-3-gallate), and 3 phenolic acids (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid) were tentatively identified by HPLC-DAD. Although many compounds remain to be identified, results suggest that these tropical root crops are good sources of anthocyanins and phenolic compounds. The greater yam (Dioscorea alata) had the highest anthocyanin content (up to 93.3 mg CGE/100 g DW), while taro (Colocasia esculenta) had the widest range of flavonols (up to 326.7 mg QGE/100 g DW). Cultivars of these staples should be exploited in breeding programs for the development of varieties with enhanced health and nutritional benefits. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Légume racine, Araceae, Composition des aliments, Composé phénolique, Anthocyane, Flavonoïde, Acide phénolique, agrobiodiversité, Dioscorea, Igname, Colocasia esculenta, Patate douce, Taro, Ipomoea batatas

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Vanuatu

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Champagne Antoine, Université Jean Monnet (FRA)
  • Hilbert Ghislaine, INRA (FRA)
  • Legendre Laurent, Université Jean Monnet (FRA)
  • Lebot Vincent, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (VUT)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/559910/)

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